Track 2: Well-being and health. Al-Fereej: caring for living conditions Fayruz 1
Nov 11, 2021 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM(Asia/Qatar)
20211111T1130 20211111T1300 Asia/Qatar Hybrid | Track 2 | Session 6. Healthy living through systemic approach – regional/city level

A new urban planning logic beyond covid-19 pandemic has to incorporate systemic approach to an urban management perspective taking into account: infrastructure of health, transport, energy supply, water supply, food security, etc. The following presentations explore comprehensive analysis methods and recommendations in terms of design and policy.

NOTE: Speakers marked in * will participate in this hybrid session as a virtual attendee. 

Fayruz 1 57th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Doha, Qatar ajuurinen@xtalks.com

A new urban planning logic beyond covid-19 pandemic has to incorporate systemic approach to an urban management perspective taking into account: infrastructure of health, transport, energy supply, water supply, food security, etc. The following presentations explore comprehensive analysis methods and recommendations in terms of design and policy.

NOTE: Speakers marked in * will participate in this hybrid session as a virtual attendee. 

Hayy: Rethinking Qatari neighborhoods and Dwellings View Abstract
Research Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Presenters Moza Al Obaidan
Graduate Architect, Qatar University
Championing Best Urban Design Practice: One of ‘Recipes’ To Cope With Pandemic? A Case Study in Qatar View Abstract
Case Study Report 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Almost none of the countries in the world are not impacted by the current ongoing world pandemic. This is an exceptional circumstance in a century that intrigues all the world-professions and entities to oversee pandemic mitigations through their expertise’ lenses. For urban planners, urban designers, and architects who influence the shape of the structure of places, cities, and towns, this pandemic certainly brings humongous homework. The shape and structure of cities become evidently influencing the transmission of diseases, and the Covid 19 infection is no exception. Prior to ‘Covid 19’, the Planning Authority in Qatar, the Ministry of Municipality and Environment (MME), has had established a comprehensive set of planning frameworks to assist developments on the ground. It ranges from legally-bind planning tools, such as national policies, national development frameworks, regional spatial development plans, and development regulations, to the advisory tools on designing any developments such as guidance and guidelines. For the latter, one of the instances is the Qatar Urban Design Compendium (QUDC) which was completed at the beginning of 2020. The QUDC was prepared to answer urban design and development challenges experiencing by Qatar. It was developed based upon a sound and comprehensive methodology for identifying most development challenges. The Compendium is a national consensus of general social, cultural, and economic pertinent values and ‘the urban design strategies on how the country will handle those issues, that are categorized into key facets or key principle areas of urban design: namely the fundamentals, sustainable urbanism, movement & transport, spatial structure and urban form, built form & architecture, landscape urbanism, and the delivery. With the world pandemic hit in the same year of the QUDC’s completion, it raises all sorts of questions regarding their relevance in preparing cities in Qatar to cope with the pandemic’s impacts. Now is a ground-truthing moment whether the consensus on urban design best practice for the country that covers guidance on social-cultural-economic aspects as the fundamentals and the key principles on spatial and physical design are still workable or still relevant to cope with the pandemic- impacts. The proposal will be organized into three (3) sections: • The first section will discuss the rationales and parameters that are influencing the development of each key principle area, by which they were developed prior to pandemic time. • The second section will analyze whether the way we shape the cities in general terms and the factors in the key principle areas in a specific term, as set in the QUDC, is still workable and relevant to mitigate and cope with the pandemic impacts. • The third section will be the conclusion part for both Qatar and the general context. It will elicit whether pandemic considerations will be the primary key driver to shape future cities in, or becomes a lens on how we foresee and oversee urban design best practice; will identify what factors need to be reconsidered and redefined; and will define the ways forward. As the pandemic is acute and still ongoing, will champion the best practice in urban design help cities to cope with similar crises in the future?
Presenters
HS
Harini Septiana
Senior Urban Designer Specialist, Ministry Of Municipality And Environment
Co-authors
FA
Fatima Al Bader
Expert_Architect Engineering, MME
From hosting international sports events to the creation of community-oriented active and healthy urban environment. The strategic urban planning framework for Qatar FIFA World Cup 2022 legacy planView Abstract
Case Study Report 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Due to economic booming of oil / gas discovery early 1940, Qatar urban context drastically changed as urbanization process has been accelerated. As our economy, populations and community grow over time, a rapid urban development rates have been accelerated and the consequent environmental, climatic and health challenges are accelerated as well to create healthy and inclusive urban environment. Providing a holistic active and passive public open spaces are truly a part of what makes any cities a great place to live. Current reality however, suggest of increasing built environment and expanding urbanization that mainly driven by variable aspects of rapid development that could be due to political, economic or social challenges. The adopted urban planning approaches believed to be part of the problem as inclusive green spaces are often perceived as a luxury, and not an integral part of city making, especially in cities where the value and importance of such spaces are under-prioritized in comparison to providing basic services such as housing and commercial uses. Lack of outdoor activities in modern cities is argued to be the result of poor public spaces (Jacobs 1961). On the other hand, on 2 December 2010, FIFA appointed Qatar as the host for WORLD CUP 2022.Such factor imposed even further economic prosperity and rapid urban growth rates over the last decade. Hosting international sports event like FIFA world cup requires certain spatial development that must be fulfilled to ensure successful host that includes but not limited to the provision of certain number of stadiums, training site facilities and fan zones. Over the history of the host countries of mega international sports event, there were many cases where several required sports facilities and infrastructure were left behind as abandon concrete mammoth with no purpose to its community. As creating healthy, liveable and inclusive urban environment is of high priority for Qatar National Master Plan. Hence, greater attention needed to be placed on creating strategic urban planning framework for World Cup legacy plan that integrating the recreational open space and sport facilities in a way that not only ensuring a successful international events and promote good image of Qatari cities , but to serve the current and future generation to come as well. The strategic urban planning framework for Qatar FIFA World Cup 2022 legacy plan is a holistic planning approach aiming to create a sustainable and resilient people-centered approach that adopted to maximize the community well-being by creating active, inclusive and vibrant recreational sport facilities and open spaces network by integrating its spatial requirements in early stages with the future open spaces and community oriented sports facilities national strategies and master plans. The urban planning framework for Qatar FIFA World Cup 2022 legacy plan is comprised of three main domains. First, the strategic development framework where all related national strategies are integrated at all tiers and driving the decision-making process. Second, the spatial urban planning level, where the holistic supply and demand analysis was done in accordance with future spatial development plans, third, the design guidelines that ensuring flexible reuse of the sports facilities to serve a community – oriented approach. The case study report / presentation will elaborate the adopted strategic framework in further details addressing all lesson learnt to achieve legacy master plan that contribute to create a long term active, healthy and inclusive urban environment
Presenters Mona Husen
Deputy Head Of Strategic Planning And Studies Unit, Ministry Of Municipality And Environment
The accessibility assessment of medical facilities based on the hierarchical medical system: A case study of Shenzhen, ChinaView Abstract
Research Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Due to the hierarchical medical system currently being promoted in China, the reasonable allocation of medical resources and equal medical services have become important research topics for urban planning. However, few studies have been conducted on the allocation of medical resources accounting for space accessibility based on the hierarchy of medical facilities and more refined population spatial units. This research assigned population into general and urban villages residential buildings (from building census data) to further refine the population data. By examining Shenzhen through a two-step 2SFCA, the present research evaluates the accessibility of community and regional medical facilities and spatial configuration at various referral rates by implementing GIS network analysis. The main findings of the present scrutiny are: 1) The overall development of medical facilities in Shenzhen is presently at the back of the first-tier cities in China, and there is a discrepancy in the accessibility of medical facilities between administrative districts; 2) Under the current conditions in Shenzhen, the best spatial configuration can be achieved only when the referral rate would be 70%-80%, indicating that primary medical resources are now weak in Shenzhen. In the future construction of medical facilities, there is a high requirement to classify and rank communities to formulate policies. This is essential for increasing the capacity of medical services in communities with poor medical resources. Additionally, the capacity of community health service centers should be enhanced and the treatment of minor diseases in senior hospitals should be evacuated to appropriately control the referral rate. This leads to attaining a balanced distribution and efficient exploitation of medical resources.
Presenters
HZ
HAOBIN ZHUANG
Shenzhen University
XY
XIAOCHUN YANG
Vice Dean, Shenzhen University
Assessment of Road Transport Atmospheric Emission of GHGs & Criteria Pollutants in Qatar: BAU Versus Paris Agreement NDC Policy ScenariosView Abstract
Research Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Abstract Assessment of Road Transport Atmospheric Emission of GHGs & Criteria Pollutants in Qatar: BAU Versus Paris Agreement NDC Policy Scenarios Azhari F. M. Ahmed*; Lolwa Al Kuwari; and Abdulhadi Al Marri Climate Change Department, Ministry of Municipality & Environment, Doha, Qatar (30 August 2021, Doha, Qatar) The environmental impact of energy use on global climate change & sustainable development, presents a serious challenge to modern societies. This is particularly true for road transport in fast developing countries such as Qatar. Combustion of gasoline and diesel by road transport emits into the atmosphere direct greenhouse gases (GHGs) and air quality criteria pollutants (AQCPs). Scientists are now certain that GHGs, primarily carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are responsible for the observed global temperature increase which is projected to rise by approximately 1.7-3.9 ͦC by 2100. AQCPs, known collectively as criteria air pollutants include carbon monoxide (CO), Non-methane Volatile Organic Compounds (NMVOCs), Sulphur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter (PM) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). These pollutants cause or contribute to local or regional air pollution with far reaching impacts on sustainable development, notably human health adverse effects (EU & WHO, 2014). There is now clear evidence of a causal relationship between exposure to traffic-related air pollution and health impacts such as exacerbation of asthma, non-asthma respiratory symptoms, impaired lung function and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Overall, the strongest evidence for the most problematic pollutants in terms of human health is for particulate matter, especially PM2.5 and O3. NO2 is also a key concern because of both its direct health effects and its role as a precursor to ozone formation (Hitchcock et. Al 2014). Moreover, several AQCPs are recognized as short-lived climate forcing pollutants. The results discussed in this paper are based on an updated version of the QF NPRP-6-1035-5-126 Report’s original data sets contributed by the lead author in 2015. The current paper covers the period 2016-2020 & projections to 2030. GHGs & AQCPs-fuel based emission factors (EFs) for gasoline and diesel fueled vehicles were compiled from published reports by the International Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) & US Environmental Protection Agency. Country specific tier-2 EFs were adapted using fuel-specific carbon content & heat content. Analysis of the baseline data covered vehicles fleet composition, traffic counts and the spatial & temporal variations of traffic density in Doha. IPCC based business as usual and policy scenarios in line with Qatar’s Nationally Determined Contribution under the Paris Agreement were employed to assess the emission reduction target. The paper discusses the chronology of road transport GHGs & AQCPs emissions in Qatar and modeled projections based on BAU & policy scenarios for the 2020-2030 timeframe. Emission intensities relative to socio-economic parameters were also examined. *This paper is based on a contribution made by the lead author to the QF Research Project # QF NPRP-6-1035-5-126, 4 October 2015; corresponding author e-mail address: afahmed@mme.gov.qa
Presenters
AA
Azhari Ahmed
Climate Change Advisor, Climate Change Department, Ministry Of Municipality And Environment, Qatar
The notion of settlements: reflecting on the evolving definition from a South African perspective View Abstract
Research Paper 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Over the years, there has been a consensual theoretical understanding of how settlements have developed. However, in spite of this, countries globally have categorized and delimited their settlements according to their own definition. This has resulted in there being limited comparable knowledge on how settlements have actually developed and advanced to form regions. This paper aims to provide insight into how South Africa has categorized its settlement regions (Municipalities) over the past twenty one-years, paying particular attention to the metropolitan region. The research utilized a critical evaluation technique to investigate the evolving definition of settlements and the criteria utilized to categorize administrative regions in South Africa. The findings illustrated that there is a lack of understanding of what settlement regions entail and the negative impact it has on the implementation of development policy. Lessons from this study contribute to the broader understanding of how settlement regions can be categorized and the policy mishaps that can be avoided.
Presenters Zaakirah Jeeva
Postdoctoral , Self
Indoor air quality study in Educational FacilitesView Abstract
Case Study Report 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Presenters
MY
Maryam Yousuf Al-Shamlan
Health Inspector, Ministy Of Public Health
Chemical Characterization of Fine Particulate Matter (PM 2.5). View Abstract
Case Study Report 11:30 AM - 01:00 PM (Asia/Qatar) 2021/11/11 08:30:00 UTC - 2021/11/11 10:00:00 UTC
Presenters
TA
Tamer Mohamed Abdelaziz Elsayed Nada
Supervisor Of Air Quality Unit, MinistrPublic Health
Senior Urban Designer Specialist
,
Ministry of Municipality and Environment
Deputy head of Strategic Planning and Studies Unit
,
Ministry of Municipality and Environment
vice dean
,
Shenzhen University
Climate Change Advisor
,
Climate Change Department, Ministry of Municipality and Environment, Qatar
Shenzhen University
+ 4 more speakers. View All
ISOCARP - Technical Administrator
 Serin Geambazu
associate professor
,
Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban Planning
 Serin Geambazu
associate professor
,
Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban Planning
 Mark David Major
Assistant Professor of Architecture and Urban Planning
,
Qatar University
Development Manger
,
Barwa Real estate Group
Ing Peter Vervoort
PhD-Researcher
,
University of Antwerp
 AbdulRahman Al-Mana
Urban Planner
,
Ministry of Municipality
+23 more attendees. View All
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