Creating Localized Resilient Places in Community-Thoughts on Renovation Practive of Wuhan Farmer’s Market after the Covid-19 Pandemic

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Submission Summary
Traditional fresh-market plays a significant role of the urban life in Asia. Any fresh-market not only satisfies the daily consumptions of the urban residents, but also serves as the vitality center within a community. Fresh-markets show special significant in maintaining community affections, providing employment opportunities and protecting local characteristics. However, in the process of rapid urbanization of a metropolis fresh-markets have been criticized for the pollution of environment, backward supporting facilities, traffic obstruction, etc. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the fresh-markets in Wuhan, one of which the very first group of infected person all went to , were pushed to the forefront of the storm. However, as the micro-center of basic living infrastructures, the fresh-markets should not be simply and brutally shut down. The "black swan" event during COVID-19 pandemic reminds urban planners of the importance of making the public spaces in community as a way to improve urban resilience. Based on the post-pandemic renovations of Wuhan fresh-markets, the paper puts the fresh-markets into greater community system and the whole urban system to consider its positioning and responsibilities, and researches strategies of post-pandemic fresh-markets renovations. The paper discusses the strategies in three parts. First, the paper summarizes the dominant and recessive functional characteristics of the fresh-market in different types of community life by sorting out the types, current layout characteristics and all day activity routines of the fresh-markets in the central-city. Secondly, by comparing the functional changes and customer characteristics of the fresh-markets before and during the pandemic, the paper proposes that the fresh-market is normally the center of community communication activities, and can be transformed as the available refuges of the disaster prevention systems during wartime or special pandemic time. The fresh-markets can go online and offline in solving residents’ daily needs and from all aspects. Third, the priority of post-pandemic city reconstruction should be the renovation of fresh-markets. 1. The renovations should keep the principle of combination of peacetime and wartime to increase the resilience in city infrastructures. In addition to keep the commercial service functions of the markets, the renovations should reserve public space to promote the communications and connections of community residents and thusly enhance the urban social resilience. 2. The hidden pollution sources in the markets and the surrounding life services should also be included in the scope of renovations and upgrading. In view of prominent problems such as wet garbage disposal, oil pollution separation, rain and sewage diversion, garbage transfer process controls and so on, the renovations should set the markets as the upgrade source for the community environmental governance through a series of "small investments, small actions". 3. The renovations should increase public participation, make good use of community cultural symbols to reflect the collective memory within the region in and finally make the markets as the center area of community culture vitality.
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2: Well-being and health. Al-Fereej: caring for living conditions
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Wuhan Planning & Design Institute
Wuhan Planning & Design Institute
Wuhan Planning & Design Institute

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